Spay and Neuter Surgery Protects Pets

Surgery can be a touchy subject for pet owners, especially when their companion is still in their puppy or kitten stage. However, spay and neuter surgeries are an important part of keeping pets healthy.

Spay and neuter surgeries are some of the most frequently performed procedures in veterinary medicine. Not only do they prevent unwanted pregnancies; they also prevent a number of problematic health and behavioral issues.

Jack Russell Terrier running with a ball

The Benefits of Spay and Neuter Surgery

Male and female cats and dogs can all benefit in the long term from being spayed or neutered. Some of the health and behavioral issues eliminated by this procedure include:

  • Eliminates the heat cycle and spotting in females
  • Reduces the risk of mammary tumors in females
  • Prevents uterine infections and cancers in females
  • Reduces roaming tendencies in males and females
  • Reduces aggressive behavior in males
  • Eliminates or reduces mounting and marking/spray behaviors in males
  • Prevents testicular tumors in males
  • Reduces the risk of prostate problems in males

Spaying and Neutering Reduces Overpopulation

Some owners are initially uncomfortable with the idea of taking away their pet's ability to breed. However, spaying and neutering is not only a healthier option, it also helps other animals stand a chance at adoption.

Most unplanned pet pregnancies result in puppies or kittens whose owners are unwilling or unable to care for them. These animals usually end up in shelters or on the street as strays. In fact, the ASPCA estimates that approximately 6.5 million companion animals enter U.S. pet shelters each year. Sadly, a large number of these pets will never find a forever home.

By preventing your pets from unexpectedly breeding, you can reduce the number of pets going into shelters, thereby increasing the odds of adoption for current shelter residents.   

A beautiful white and gray cat laying on the floor looking at the camera.

What to Expect

We recommend spaying and neutering pets when they are roughly 6 months old, though it can vary pet by pet. When you bring your new puppy or kitten in for their first wellness exam or consultation, we will examine them, discuss your options, and plan accordingly.

If your pet is ready to undergo their spay/neuter, we will need to perform a pre-surgical exam and run blood work to make sure they’re healthy enough for anesthesia. If we detect problems, we can delay the procedure until the issue can be remedied. We follow the same protocols during spay and neuter procedures as we do with any pet surgery.

While your pet is under anesthesia, they will receive IV fluids for hydration and blood pressure support. Additionally, they will be kept warm with Bair Huggers and will have their vital signs monitored throughout the procedure. Once they are out of surgery and wake up safely from their anesthesia, they can be released into your care.

Remember, it’s important to keep your pet as calm and contained as possible following their procedure so they can heal properly. We also ask that you notify us immediately if your pet is having any problems.

If you are interested in spaying or neutering your pet, please call us at (858) 748-3326.


Poway Animal Hospital

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